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What is an SPSV?

What is an SPSV?

The acronym SPSV stands for ‘small public service vehicle’ – vehicles that are used to carry up to eight passengers, excluding the driver, for hire. The term covers taxis, wheelchair accessible taxis, hackneys, local area hackneys, wheelchair accessible hackneys, and limousines. The principal differences between these categories are:

  • May be hired only when standing at a taxi rank, or while plying for hire on the street, or via pre-booking
  • Must use a verified calibrated taximeter and a printer for receipts
  • Must have a regulation roof sign and approved branding
  • A wheelchair-accessible taxi must in addition must be able to accommodate at least one person sitting in a wheelchair and at least three other adult passengers. It must also have special equipment for wheelchair access and restraint.
  • Must be pre-booked (may not be hailed on the street or stand for hire at a taxi rank)
  • Must agree the fare to be charged in advance (the fare is not calculated on a taximeter)
  • A wheelchair-accessible hackney must in addition must be able to accommodate at least one person sitting in a wheelchair and at least three other adult passengers. It must also have special equipment for wheelchair access and restraint.
  • The operator of a local area hackney must offer services only in the area specified in the vehicle licence.
  • Must be suitable for ceremonial or corporate purposes
  • Must be pre-booked
  • Must agree the fare to be charged in advance.

Taxi

  • May be hired only when standing at a taxi rank, or while plying for hire on the street, or via pre-booking
  • Must use a verified calibrated taximeter and a printer for receipts
  • Must have a regulation roof sign and approved branding
  • A wheelchair-accessible taxi must in addition must be able to accommodate at least one person sitting in a wheelchair and at least three other adult passengers. It must also have special equipment for wheelchair access and restraint.

Hackney

  • Must be pre-booked (may not be hailed on the street or stand for hire at a taxi rank)
  • Must agree the fare to be charged in advance (the fare is not calculated on a taximeter)
  • A wheelchair-accessible hackney must in addition must be able to accommodate at least one person sitting in a wheelchair and at least three other adult passengers. It must also have special equipment for wheelchair access and restraint.
  • The operator of a local area hackney must offer services only in the area specified in the vehicle licence.

Limousine

  • Must be suitable for ceremonial or corporate purposes
  • Must be pre-booked
  • Must agree the fare to be charged in advance.